Zolpidem: Indications and Dosage

Zolpidem is a sedative and hypnotic medication that is soluble in alcohol, water and propylene glycol. It is prescribed to be used for insomnia treatment for not more than two weeks. Studies showed that response time is reduced if the drug is taken more than the recommended two-week period.

A tablet of Zolpidem contains various inactive ingredients such as lactose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, titanium dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate and polyethylene glycol.

Dosage and Administration:

Zolpidem is available in two dosage strength—5 milligrams and 10 milligrams. The 5 milligram tablet contains iron oxide colorant, polysorbate 80 and FD&C Red Number 40. The 10 milligram tablet comes in white capsule shape and film coated.

Individualized dose of the drug varies. For adults, a 10-milligram tablet is recommended daily to be taken before going to bed. It is reported that the effectiveness of the drug is slowed if it is taken right after a meal.

For debilitated or older people, they may experience some sensitivity to the effects of the drug. Clearing the effects of Zolpidem may take longer for people with hepatic insufficiency than those normal patients. A 5-milligram tablet once a day, right before bedtime, is the recommended dose for elderly or debilitated people.

Do not forget to inform your doctor if you are taking central nervous system (CNS) depressant medications. Your physician will most likely adjust your Zolpidem dosage to avoid the potentially additive effects of combining it with CNS depressants.

Common Adverse Reactions:

Despite the short-term intake of the drug, studies showed that some patients experienced adverse reactions to it. For doses of 10 milligrams, effects may include drowsiness, diarrhea and dizziness. In the event that your doctor will prescribe longer-term treatment using 10 milligrams of Zolpidem, the common effects are drugged feelings and dizziness.

Adverse reactions within different body systems are also observed in several studies of the dose relationship and Zolpidem effects. As a whole, you may likely experience asthenia, edema, malaise, trauma and fatigue. You can tell if the drug is taking a toll on your autonomic nervous system if you experience increased sweating, syncope, pallor and postural hypotension. Your special senses may somehow experience some adverse reactions to the drug such as abnormal vision and diplopia. Dyspepsia, nausea and hiccup are some effects the drug may have on your gastrointestinal system.

Pruritus is a common effect of the drug on the skin while arthralgia and myalgia may be experienced by your musculoskeletal system.

It is important that you know the right dosage and proper administration of Zolpidem to avoid any adverse reactions or risks.

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